CORONAVIRUS OUTBREAK What You Need to Know to Stay Safe


CORONAVIRUS
OUTBREAK
What You Need to Know to Stay Safe
Coronavirus Outbreak – What You Need to Know to Stay Safe
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: What is the Coronavirus? Everything You Need to Know About This Frightening Disease…… 5
What is Coronavirus?……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 6
Chapter 2: How it Spreads…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 7
A Brief History………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 7
How the Condition is Being Contained………………………………………………………………………………………. 9
Chapter 3: The Coronavirus and Traveling – Where Are You At Risk? Stats Outside of China…………….. 9
India……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 9
Germany……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 10
Sri Lanka…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 10
Cambodia…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 10
Philippines…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 11
Spain…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 11
Russia…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 11
Sweden……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 12
UK……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 12
Finland………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 12
Thailand………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 12
Japan…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 12
Coronavirus Outbreak – What You Need to Know to Stay Safe
Republic of Korea…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 13
Taiwan………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 13
Singapore…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 13
Vietnam………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 13
France…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 13
Nepal………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 14
Malaysia……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 14
Cambodia…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 14
Australia……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 14
Canada………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 15
US………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 15
Chapter 4: Preventative Measures – Face Masks, Hygiene, and Precautions……………………………………… 16
Hygiene Tips…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 16
Useful Tools…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 17
Vitamins, Minerals, and How to Improve Your Immunity………………………………………………………….. 18
Is it Safe to Visit China?………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 19
Chapter 5: Symptoms of Coronavirus – Recognizing it in Yourself and Others…………………………………. 21
Is it Coronavirus?………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 22
Chapter 6: Treatment and Outcomes……………………………………………………………………………………………. 22
Conclusion………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 23
Coronavirus Outbreak – What You Need to Know to Stay Safe
Chapter 1: What is the Coronavirus? Everything You
Need to Know About This Frightening Disease
Every time a new disease appears in the news, it causes a mass panic as people understandably get scared
that they may be at risk. Suddenly, every sniff and every cough is placed under minute scrutiny. The latest
outbreak to hit the news is the Coronavirus, and once again, this has caused a huge amount of fear and
uncertainty. Again, this is understandable.
UPDATED March 22, 2020
Please Visit https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/ For The Latest Stats
The coronavirus is a disease that spreads quickly, now with over 330,000 cases in 192 countries!
While it isn’t generally a fatal disease, it has already taken more than 14,700 lives. Coronavirus is more
widespread than the SARS virus ever became, and it is showing no signs of slowing down. Gradually, it’s
making its way into the rest of the world.
But is there really cause for such alarm? While the coronavirus is certainly scary, and definitely not to be
taken lightly, it is also is important to maintain a sense of perspective.
Coronavirus Outbreak – What You Need to Know to Stay Safe
The NEWS Won’t Tell You That COMMON Flu Kills On Average 1,288 People Every Day
Worldwide Simply Because We Live With This Fact So It Doesn’t Sell Any Newspapers…
China where it all started has 81,093 total confirmed cases & 3,270 dead
Italy now battles with 59,138 cases , with 600-800 NEW cases daily & 5,476 dead (mainly because of
elderly average population & 2 decades of neglected health care investments)
Spain has 28,768 cases & 1,772 death
In the United States, there are 35,056 cases of the virus & 457 dead.
World wide there have been just over 14,700 deaths caused by the disease,. Coronavirus is most
comparable to the flu, in terms of its symptoms and the way it spreads. And just like the flu, it is mostly
dangerous to those populations already considered at risk: the elderly, very young, or previously unwell.
Statistically, your chances of getting the coronavirus with life threatening complications are extremely
low – lower than winning the lottery or getting struck by lightning. But while this is true, it’s also
extremely important that we prepare for what seems to become become a more widespread problem, that
we know how to protect ourselves, and that we understand this event that is of huge global significance.
What is Coronavirus?
The Coronavirus is not a single virus but actually a “family” of viruses that are known to cause a wide
number of different illnesses. These coronaviruses (CoV) symptoms can range from the common cold, all
the way to more serious flu-like diseases or MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome).
Contrary to popular belief then, the coronavirus is not a “new” virus. In fact, the SARS virus that
previously dominated headlines is actually a form of coronavirus. The CoV virus that we are currently
hearing about in the news, is actually the “novel coronavirus” or (nCoV) which is a strain that has not
previously been detected in humans.
The name coronavirus comes from the Latin corona, which stands for corwn, or halo. This describes the
appearance of the viral particles (virions) which have a protein coating called a capsid
Coronavirus Outbreak – What You Need to Know to Stay Safe
As with any virus, the difficulty with treating this condition, is that it is known to mutate rapidly, thereby
making effective vaccinations or treatments difficulty.
Viruses are different from bacteria. Viruses are smaller and cannot live without a living host. They
operate by attaching themselves to cells, and then reprogramming those cells to reproduce. Whereas many
bacteria are actually harmless and even beneficial, the vast majority of viruses are harmful to us and are
responsible for conditions such as strep throat, tuberculosis, and UTIs. Of course, viruses are also wellknown to cause the common cold, and the flu.
Whereas antibiotics can be used to kill bacteria and end a bacterial infection, viruses are treated with
antiviral medications, which are not effective at completely killing the viruses but rather simply
preventing the spread by hurting their ability to replicate.
Chapter 2: How it Spreads
As a virus, coronavirus needs a living host in order to spread. This means that the transfer of the virus
must usually happen directly between people, usually travelling no more than 6’ from one person to
another.
It is believed (though not confirmed) that this spread acts similarly to the spread of the common cold/flu.
That means that it will travel on droplets of saliva when someone coughs or sneezes. The droplets may
then be inhaled by another person into the lungs, where it is thought that the
It is currently not confirmed whether the coronavirus can spread by surfaces. If so, the contact would have
had to be recent, but it is generally a wise move to act as though surfaces may be contagious.
The coronavirus can also spread via food, which is how it is believed that the virus initially made the leap
from animals to humans. Good food hygiene is more important than ever then, and it is likewise
important to consider the source of your food.
A Brief History
Coronavirus Outbreak – What You Need to Know to Stay Safe
Here is a brief history of coronavirus and what caused it.
The coronavirus that is currently being discussed is called “A novel coronavirus” (nCoV). This is
condition began around December 2019, when there was a cluster of pneumonia cases caused by this
previously unknown virus.
It is actually thought that this version of the virus likely began in bats. A new study published on January
29th in the Lancet looked at 10 genome sequences of the coronavirus called 2019-nCoV, taken from nine
patients from China. In all 10 of these sequences, 99.8% of the genetic makeup was the same. That tells
us that the virus is newly affecting humans. We know this, because as a virus propagates and lives for
longer, more changes are introduced to the genome as it mutates and evolves. In other words, the virus
has recently jumped to humans from another species.
The researchers found that the sequences were almost identical, suggesting a single source that must have
been the primary host not long ago.
To find out more, the same team of researchers compared this sequence to a library of other viral
sequences. They found that the closest match was against similar CoV that began life in bats. Both of the
two near-matches found shared 88% of the genetic makeup with the new version.
So how did this virus manage to make the leap? Because no bats have been sold at the Huanan seafood
market – believed to be the source of the virus – it is now thought that there was likely another
“steppingstone” animal that transmitted the virus. In other words, the bats infected an animal that was
then consumed by humans. One possible culprit is snakes, though it is not currently known whether the
virus is able to affect snakes.
However, more recent speculation also questions whether the seafood market is in fact the source of the
illness.
Coronavirus Outbreak – What You Need to Know to Stay Safe
The first case of nCoV was reported on December 1 st 2019, and that patient had no known link to the
seafood market. The data also showed that 13 of the earliest 41 hospitalized patients had no link to that
marketplace.
New data suggests that the very first infections may actually have occurred in November. That’s because
there is an “incubation period” between the infection and the onset of the first symptoms. It’s also worth
considering that as many of the symptoms are very similar to the flu, some patients may not have reported
the condition at all. This is important to consider, when estimating the potential number of cases.
How the Condition is Being Contained
Governments are taking measures to attempt to control the spread of the virus.
Chapter 3: The Coronavirus and Traveling – Where Are
You At Risk? Stats Outside of China
FEBRUARY 2, 2020 STATS
Please Visit https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/ For The Latest Stats
Depending on where you are located in the world, you stand a slightly higher chance of contracting
coronavirus. While the condition is somewhat rare outside of China and even moreso outside of Asia,
travelling anywhere will put you at risk. In this chapter, we’ll look at the status of each country and what
you need to know when travelling.
Keep in mind that these numbers are changing – and largely growing – all the time. While that’s true
though, this list can provide a useful illustration of the most affected areas, as well as the nature of the
condition and how it spreads.
India
Coronavirus Outbreak – What You Need to Know to Stay Safe
So far there have been three confirmed cases of coronavirus in India. The Ministry of Health & Family
Welfare of India has confirmed that the first of these cases was on 30 th January 2020, with a second
reported on 02 February. The first case involved a student that had travelled from Wuhan. This patient is
being monitored at the time of writing and is in a stable condition.
It is thought that there may be more cases of coronavirus in Kerala, India as this is where the individual
lived. Other unconfirmed reports come from Delhi, Punjab, Haryana, Bihar, Maharastra, Telangana, and
Rajasthan. If you are visiting any of these regions, then you should protect yourself.
Germany
There have been a total of 12 confirmed cases of coronavirus in Germany, making it one of the areas
where the condition is currently most prevalent – or at least most widely detected and reported.
The Bavarian State Office for Health and Food Safety reported the first case on 28 th January. This case
affected a male patient based in Starnberg with no history of visiting China, but who had met with a
traveler from the area. Three additional cases were reported on 29 th January, who are all being treated in
isolation at a Munich hospital.
It is thought that all 12 of the confirmed cases were contracted by the same Chinese tourist.
Sri Lanka
There has been a single case of novel coronavirus in Sri Lanka. That patient was a 40 year old Chinese
woman who had been treated positive for the virus. The country has now taken measures to contain the
spread of the virus. This includes the suspension of visas for all Chinese travelers. This comes at a time
when the country has become a very popular tourist spot for Chinese holiday makers.
Over 200 Chinese students currently studying in Sri Lanka from overseas are also going through a
systematic evaluation process.
Coronavirus Outbreak – What You Need to Know to Stay Safe
Cambodia
Cambodia’s first case of coronavirus was reported on 27 th January 2020. The patient is a 60 year old man
who visited Preah Sihanouk province from his home in Wuhan, China. The tourist visited the country
with three family members who have tested negative for the condition.
Philippines
There are so far two confirmed cases of the novel coronavirus in the Philippines. The country also
reported the first death outside of China caused by the virus. The victim was a 44 year male who died on
the 1 st February.
The first case reported in the region was that of a 38 year old Chinese woman who tested positive for the
disease. She is undergoing treatment at the time of writing, and is a known associate of the second victim.
There have been a total of 27 reported-but-unconfirmed cases of the disease. Japanese experts are helping
the country to test these reported cases, and the RNA primer has been provided to help governments test
for the condition.
Spain
There has so far only been one confirmed case of coronavirus in Spain. That case was reported on 1 st
February by the National Centre for Microbiology. The patient was traveling with a group, and while that
group is not exhibiting signs of the condition, they have been placed in isolation and observation along
with the first patient.
Russia
Coronavirus Outbreak – What You Need to Know to Stay Safe
There have been two reports of novel coronavirus in Russia so far, confirmed on 31 st January. These are
known to be located in the Zabaikalski and Tyumen regions.
The first suspect was reported on 30th January. The second is known to have visited Moscow. Russia has
closed its border with China, and has restricted all rail services to the affected regions of the country.
Sweden
The first case of novel coronavirus reported in Sweden was on 31 st January. The patient is a woman who
arrived in the country from Wuhan on January 24th. Symptoms only began later. The patient is now in
isolation at Ryhov hospital.
UK
There are now two confirmed cases of coronavirus in the UK. These were reported on 31 st January. Both
patients come from the same family and are currently undergoing specialist care. The family and friends
that came into contact with the patients have not been placed into isolation, but they have been asked to
report immediately any signs that they may have contracted the condition.
Finland
Finland reported the first case of coronavirus infection on 29 th January 2020. The patient is 32 years old
and is a Chinese tourist based in Wuhan. The tourist is now being treated at the Lapland Central Hospital.
It is believed that 15 more people have been “exposed” to the infection.
Thailand
Coronavirus Outbreak – What You Need to Know to Stay Safe
The first case of coronavirus in Thailand was confirmed on 13 th January 2020.This was a woman
travelling to Wuhan along with five other members in a tour group of 16 people. There have been 19
confirmed cases, though five of these have been treated successfully.
Japan
Japan was the second country to report any cases of coronavirus infection. The carrier was a man
travelling to Wuhan, and the condition has since spread to 20 people in total. Over 200 Japanese citizens
have been evacuated from Wuhan, three of which were found to be carrying the virus.
Republic of Korea
There have been 15 total confirmed cases of coronavirus in Korea and 28 total potential cases. The first
case was that of a 35 year old woman from Wuhan, who visited the country on 20 th January 2020.
Taiwan
Taiwan reported the first case of coronavirus on 21 st January. Since then, 10 more cases have been
reported by officials. This list includes two Chinese women that had been working in Wuhan. The most
recent case has no known source of contagion, suggesting more potential cases.
Singapore
There have been 18 confirmed cases in Singapore. The first was reported on 23 rd January 2020, affecting
a 53 year old female resident of Wuhan, China. The more recent cases likewise affect Chinese residents,
arriving from Singapore and Wuhan.
Vietnam
Coronavirus Outbreak – What You Need to Know to Stay Safe
There have been eight confirmed cases of Coronavirus from Vietnam. These were reported on 23 rd
January 2020. The first case was a Chinese man who had travelled to Wuhan, and who passed the
infection on to his son. The father is still on oxygen support owing to a lung injury, while the son is
believed to have made a full recovery.
France
There have been six confirmed cases of coronavirus in France, which was the first European country to
report the condition. The first three patients contracted their virus during a stay in China. Two patients are
currently being treated in Paris, while the third is in Bordeaux.
Nepal
The first infection confirmed in Nepal was on 25 th January. Since then, two more suspected cases have
been reported.
Malaysia
Malaysia has reported 8 cases of coronavirus. The first case was announced on 25 th January. This was a
40-year-old man from Wuhan visiting the Johor area with 17 other Chinese tourists. Three new cases
were then reported on 29th January, including a close contact case suggesting that the condition is
spreading.
Cambodia
Cambodia’s first case was reported on 27th January 2020. This case affected a man in his 60s, who had
travelled to Preah Sihanouk province with three family members. The family members have tested
negative.
All flights between the country and Wuhan City have been cancelled.
Coronavirus Outbreak – What You Need to Know to Stay Safe
Australia
Australia reports 12 confirmed cases of infection. These include four in Sydney and one in Melbourne.
The first case was confirmed on 25 th January, affecting a man travelling from Guangzhou to Melbourne.
Two new cases of the infection were reported on January 29 th, one in Queensland and one in Victoria.
Canada
There have been four confirmed cases in Canada. The first case was reported on 25 th January 2020,
affecting a man who had visited Wuhan. The second case was that first patient’s wife, who was confirmed
to also have the infection on the 27th. A third case was reported on the 28 th, once again having previously
visited Wuhan.
US
For those not planning on travelling outside of the US, there have been a total of 11 reported cases of
Coronavirus infection.
The first case of the infection was found in Washington on 21 st January 2020. This was a person who had
travelled to Wuhan and since returned to the US. A second case occurred in Illinois, once again due to the
patient visiting Wuhan.
The total list of states with confirmed cases of novel coronavirus currently stands at:
● Arizona
● California
● Illinois
● Washington
Coronavirus Outbreak – What You Need to Know to Stay Safe
While there have only been 11 confirmed cases, there have nevertheless been a total of 165 suspected
cases, reported in the country. 68 of these have since been disproven, while results are yet to be
announced for the remaining 92.
All cases of the virus are imported cases, with no person-to-person transmission yet demonstrated.
The CDC (US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) has gone on record saying that the immediate
threat to the US population is currently very low. The CDC has also however requested that citizens avoid
travelling to affected regions, and avoid spending time with those known to be sick with the condition (or
suspected cases of coronavirus).
We will discuss the safety of visiting China in the next chapter.
Chapter 4: Preventative Measures – Face MasksHygiene, and Precautions
If you are travelling to any of these affected regions, then it is important to do whatever you can to protect
yourself.
The best preventative measures and precautions fall into a few categories. These are:
● Hygiene
● Useful tools
● General health
Hygiene Tips
Coronavirus Outbreak – What You Need to Know to Stay Safe
The first and most important measure to take in order to reduce the likelihood of contracting novel
coronavirus, is to simply practice the best hygiene possible. That means you should always:
● Wash your hands before touching your face
● Wash your food thoroughly before eating
● Avoid touching other surfaces
The other tip is to avoid spaces where the illness is likely to travel rapidly. A good example of this would
be a crowded train or elevator. Here, you will be in close proximity to many other people that could be
carrying the disease, in a contained environment. This makes it potentially very easy for virus to spread
via air-born droplets.
Where possible, avoid densely crowded areas that are sealed closed!
Wearing gloves may also help to prevent the spread of illness to some degree, as it prevents the virus
from landing on your skin and then being transferred to the face that way.
Be careful about the food you eat and for preference choose to buy sealed food items from larger stores.
Useful Tools
Another consideration is the role of a face mask. This is a breathing mask that you wear over the mouth
and the nose in order to filter air and thereby prevent the spread of disease.
These masks actually serve two purposes: not only do they prevent the wearer from contracting the virus,
but they also help to prevent them from spreading it. This works because the mask contains the droplets
that they may propel when sneezing or coughing.
So do they actually work? The good news is that they do appear to be effective based on studies. In one
study, it was found that those who used the masks correctly were actually 80% less likely to contract flu.
Seeing as the coronavirus appears to travel in the same manner as the flu, this makes it likely that the
mask would prove similarly beneficial.
Coronavirus Outbreak – What You Need to Know to Stay Safe
This of course works by preventing the droplets of moisture from reaching your mouth or nose where
they could cause an infection. Because they are not air-tight (for obvious reasons), this will not have a
100% success rate, but should be effective enough to make a significant improvement.
Likewise, wearing shades could even be useful, seeing as contact with the eyes can also lead to the
condition spreading!
Vitamins, Minerals, and How to Improve Your Immunity
While there is no vaccination against coronavirus, generally improving your health and immunity is a
way to protect against all disease.
Have you ever had the flu and noticed that your wife and children usually get it too? But every now and
then, one of you manages to coast through completely fine! This is because that person has a stronger
immune system at that time (or they have encountered that specific mutation of the virus before).
This is what we ideally want to try and emulate when travelling and when being exposed to the virus, and
so with that in mind, here are some ways to keep yourself safe and healthy.
Nutrition
The first and most important thing you can do, is to make sure you are eating a balanced and nutritious
diet. Avoid “empty calories” that don’t provide any vitamins and minerals, and instead try to get as much
colorful fruit and vegetables on your plate as possible.
The most important nutrients to seek out in particular, include vitamin C (a powerful antioxidant that is
known to support immunity), vitamin A, vitamin E, and selenium. Selenium is useful for preventing the
over-activity of the immune system, which can lead to inflammation and other similar issues.
Antioxidants are substances that combat the action of free radicals in the body – and these can otherwise
damage cells and tax the immunity.
Coronavirus Outbreak – What You Need to Know to Stay Safe
It’s also important to eat plenty of fiber, fermented foods, and yogurts. These contain live cultures of
healthy bacteria that help to strengthen the body’s immunity. That’s because friendly bacteria in the
stomach and gut can actually help to destroy harmful bacteria that otherwise wreaks havoc on the immune
system. Getting a wide variety of different natural foods is the very best thing you can do for a healthy
microbiome.
Lifestyle Factors
Another thing to consider is the importance of spending time outside. Sunlight encourages the body to
produce vitamin D, which has recently been shown by studies to actually be more important than vitamin
C for strengthening immunity.
Fresh air and cold exposure is also beneficial. Not only does fresh air help to clear out the lungs, but
being cold can actually help to “train” the immune system, so that it is capable of working harder and
doing its job better!
Other things can also affect your immunity. Did you know for example, that flossing your teeth can make
you less likely to contract a wide range of illnesses? This is because our mouths are constantly bombarded
by bacteria, which leaves us susceptible to other problems. When the mouth is clean, that problem
disappears.
But the most important lifestyle factors of all are to a) avoid stress and b) get lots of sleep. When we are
stressed or sleep deprived, this causes the body to suppress immune activity, leaving us open to attack.
When we are rested both mentally and physically, we go into those battles with a full tank of fuel behind
us.
Is it Safe to Visit China?
Coronavirus Outbreak – What You Need to Know to Stay Safe
Of course, one of the best ways to avoid contracting coronavirus, is to avoid visiting China altogether.
But given the relatively low incidence of the disease, you may be wondering whether that is a precaution
too far. Is it unsafe to visit China? Should you cancel any planned trips?
The US has escalated precautions to prevent the spread of the virus, along with the travel warning. The
US State Department now suggests that the advice is Level 4: Do not travel.
Likewise, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has the same advice, urging all tourists to
avoid “nonessential” travel to China.
The UK and Canada have likewise issued travel warnings. The World Health Organization has declared
the novel coronavirus to be a public health emergency of international concern.
Many foreign governments have evacuated citizens from Wuhan.
How you choose to proceed in light of this information is up to you. However, there are a few factors that
you should keep in mind:
● Even if you are not concerned about contracting coronavirus personally, this should not be seen
as the main reason to avoid travel. In fact, the main reason not to travel is a conscientious one: so
as not to propagate the disease. This is considered an emergency of global concern, and as such, it
is highly important that we do everything we can to prevent the disease from spreading. If you
visit the country, contract the disease, and bring it back home, then you will have contributed to a
rapidly declining situation.
● China is a very big country and the majority of cases are located in Wuhan and the Hubei
Province. Many governments are not evacuating citizens from these regions. However, there have
only been a handful of cases in areas like Hong Kong.
● The condition is no more contagious than the common flu. It is believed that flu affects 5% of the
US population every single year. However, when travelling to an area in the US, the likelihood of
contracting flu is still very low. There are significantly fewer cases of coronavirus, making it
actually statistically extremely improbable that you would be infected.
Coronavirus Outbreak – What You Need to Know to Stay Safe
● Coronavirus is not fatal in the vast majority of cases. Like flus and pneumonia, it can cause
difficulty breathing, which may require assistance from an oxygen mask or similar. Those that are
at risk are generally those that already suffer with conditions that make them high-risk, or those
that are very old/very young.
o This is another thing to keep in mind when considering travelling. How serious would a
case of coronavirus virus be for you personally? If you have a history of breathing
difficulties and chest infections, then you should keep this in mind when deciding how to
act.
● With that said, this is still a risk and if you can avoid to take it, then you should out of
thoughtfulness to others.
Another consideration is that while Wuhan is the most affected area in China, so too are obvious transport
links. In particular, think about airports with direct connections to Wuhan, or parts of China where trains
visit regularly. These are also likely to be high-risk areas.
Chapter 5: Symptoms of Coronavirus – Recognizing it in
Yourself and Others
The symptoms of coronavirus are generally very similar to the symptoms of other viruses and chest
infections. This can make it particularly difficult to identify cases, and this is one of the reasons that the
problem has been able to spread so quickly.
Symptoms of coronavirus include:
● Coughing – A persistent and potentially painful cough that can also keep you awake at night.
● A sore throat – This goes hand-in-hand with the cough, but is also due to inflammation of the
airways.
● Tiredness and lethargy – Like most viral infections, the flu will leave you feeling tired and
exhausted from small amounts of activity. This is owing to the effort your body is putting in
when fighting the infection.
Coronavirus Outbreak – What You Need to Know to Stay Safe
● Temperature – A temperature is your body’s way of attempting to drive out invading viruses.
This will cause the body to become very hot, as it tries to make the environment inhospitable.
That means that the temperature in itself is not actually a negative thing, but rather an important
strategy used by the body – so you should not try to fight the body by bringing the temperature
back down. That said, you should monitor the temperature and make sure it doesn’t get too high,
which can be dangerous. Likewise, you should keep drinking lots of water, as dehydration is one
of the most serious complications of a fever.
● Difficulty breathing – This is the most severe symptom of coronavirus. Listen for a “rattling
sound” in the chest. Likewise, look for signs of effortful, rapid breathing. If the patient also has
signs of bluing around the lips in particular, then you should seek medical attention immediately.
Is it Coronavirus?
If you notice any signs of coronavirus, then you should seriously consider whether this is the possible
cause. With the symptoms being so similar to other types of cold and virus, it can be difficult to
distinguish between them. The main evidence then is situational/contextual: have you been to any of the
most affected areas in China? Have you met anyone from that region, or who has travelled to the region?
Also making life more difficult is the fact that symptoms can take several days to emerge – anywhere
from 2-10 days. You need to think back at least this far then when considering whether Coronavirus is a
likely candidate for your problems.
Chapter 6: Treatment and Outcomes
If you notice any of the signs of coronavirus, then it is crucial that you seek medical attention
immediately. Again, this is not necessarily for your own sake as much as to try and control the spread of
the disease and prevent it spreading to anyone else. Many governments and health officials advise and
request that patients attempt to “self-quarantine.” This essentially means that they should avoid going out
into public spaces, and should stay home as much as possible.
Coronavirus Outbreak – What You Need to Know to Stay Safe
This also includes not visiting the doctor or hospital waiting rooms, where you can of course risk
spreading the disease to others. For that reason, it’s instead recommended that you call the doctor to visit
you.
If you are taken into hospital, you will be placed under observation, and your breathing will be assisted
should you need it. This can involve the use of a nebulizer, as well as oxygen mask. These will help you
to take more oxygen into the lungs with each breath, as well as to reduce swelling and other effects that
are making it more difficult to breathe.
Your temperature will also be monitored.
Things you can do yourself to help ease the symptoms and provide self-care include:
● Getting lots of rest and not pushing yourself mentally or physically
● Drinking lots of water – if you have a fever, then one of the most serious concerns is that this can
lead to dehydration and associated problems
● Manage the build up of phlegm and mucus by using steam inhalation. To do this, fill a boil full of
hot water and then hold your head over it with a blanket. Make sure that the steam is not hot
enough to burn your nostrils, but that it is warm enough to break down the mucus. You can also
try taking long hot showers.
You may also need to manage some secondary symptoms that can be caused by the primary symptoms.
For example, you may struggle with poor sleep, or you might have headaches due to the build up of
pressure in the sinuses. To deal with these, you can use analgesics.
There is no known cure for coronavirus, and as a viral infection it cannot be treated with antibiotics.
However, with that said, the condition is also self-limiting, meaning that it will disappear over time. This
can take a few days to a few months, depending on the severity of the infection, the appearance of
complications, the health of the patient, and the treatment given.
Coronavirus Outbreak – What You Need to Know to Stay Safe
Conclusion
Hopefully, this guide has served as a useful introduction and comprehensive overview of the coronavirus.
You now know where you are likely to encounter it, and how to spot the symptoms. You understand the
nature and the history of the condition, and you know how to keep yourself as safe as possible.
It is highly important that we are vigilant, especially as the prominence of the disease is spreading every
single day. Should the illness become widespread in your region, you are now well equipped to deal with
it, and to understand the problem.
Make sure to take every reasonable precaution, but don’t lose your mind worrying about the disease –
there are many more pressing concerns that most of us should be focusing on.
Stay SAFE 🙂

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